Qi Discharge Plan

3 pages
10 views

Please download to get full document.

View again

of 3
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Share
Description
DISCHARGE PLAN I. MEDICATIONS  Bronchodilator Medications -- Inhaled as aerosol sprays or taken orally, bronchodilator medications may help to relieve symptoms of bronchiectasis by relaxing and opening the air passages in the lungs.  Steroids -- Inhaled as an aerosol spray, steroids can help relieve symptoms of bronchiectasis. Over time, however, inhaled steroids can cause side effects, such as weakened bones, high blood pressure, diabetes and cataracts. It is important to discuss these side e
Tags
Transcript
DISCHARGE PLAN I. MEDICATIONS Bronchodilator Medications -- Inhaled as aerosol sprays or taken orally, bronchodilator medications may help to relieve symptoms of bronchiectasis by relaxing and opening the air passages in the lungs. Steroids -- Inhaled as an aerosol spray, steroids can help relieve symptoms of bronchiectasis. Over time, however, inhaled steroids can cause side effects, such as weakened bones, high blood pressure, diabetes and cataracts. It is important to discuss these side effects with your doctor before using steroids. Antibiotics -- Antibiotics may be used to help fight respiratory infections caused by bronchiectasis. Mucus Thinners and Expectorants -- Mucus thinners and expectorants help loosen and clear mucus from lungs. II. EXERCISE Several breathing techniques also are used that may help move mucus to the upper airways so you can cough it up. These techniques include forced expiration technique (FET) and active cycle breathing (ACB). Forced Expiration Technique i.e. 1 or 2 “huffs” combined with breathing control Take a half breath in and blow air out steadily through an open mouth Follow this with breathing control Repeat As phlegm moves into larger airways take a deep breath in and blow air out again through an open mouth Breathing control Repeat the cycle until your chest is clear or as advised by your physiotherapist. Active Cycle of Breathing It uses an alternating depth of breathing to move phlegm from the small airways at the bottom of your lungs to larger airways near the top where they can be cleared more easily with huffing/coughing. The cycle is: Breathing Control (also called abdominal breathing) Rest one hand on your abdomen, keeping shoulders and upper chest relaxed and allow your hand to rise gently as you breathe in. (If you imagine air filling the abdomen like a balloon this may help) Sigh out gently Ensure shoulders remain relaxed Over a few seconds, gradually increase depth of breathing while maintaining relaxation Breathing control is an essential part of the cycle to allow rest. Deep Breathing Exercises Take 3 – 4 deep breaths in, allowing the lower chest to expand Try to ensure neck and shoulders remain relaxed At the end of the breath in, hold the air in for 3 secondsLet the air out gently Forced Expiration Technique Typical Cycle includes: Breathing control 3 – 4 deep breaths (+/- 3 sec. Inspiratory hold) breathing control 3 – 4 deep breaths (+/- 3 sec. Inspiratory hold) breathing control forced expiration technique Repeat III. TREATMENTS Depending on your condition, your doctor also may recommend oxygen therapy or surgery to remove a section of your lung. Oxygen therapy can help raise low blood oxygen levels. For this treatment, you're given oxygen through nasal prongs or a mask. Oxygen therapy may be done at home or in a hospital or other health facility. Surgery may be used if no other treatments have helped and only one part of your airway is affected. If you have major bleeding, your doctor may recommend either surgery to remove the bleeding part of your airway or a procedure to control the bleeding Chest Physical Therapy CPT also is called physiotherapy (FIZ-e-o-THER-a-pe) or chest clapping or percussion. It involves pounding your chest and back over and over with your hands or a device to loosen the mucus from your lungs so that you can cough it up.You may sit with your head tilted down or lie on your stomach with your head down while you do CPT. Gravity and force help drain the mucus from your lungs. Some people find CPT hard or uncomfortable to do. Several devices have been developed that may help with CPT, such as: * An electric chest clapper, known as a mechanical percussor. * An inflatable therapy vest that uses high-frequency air waves to force the mucus that's deep in your lungs toward your upper airways so you can cough it up. * A small handheld device that you breathe out through. It causes vibrations that dislodge the mucus. A mask that creates vibrations that help break the mucus loose from your airway walls. Postural Drainage The therapy helps loosen the mucus, and lying with your head down helps the mucus drain away from your lungs. IV. HEALTH TEACHINGS Staying healthy when you have bronchiectasis People with bronchiectasis can get flare-ups, times when their symptoms are worse. If you have bronchiectasis, stay as healthy as possible by:* not smoking and avoiding second-hand smoke * getting the flu shot every year * getting the pneumococcal pneumonia shot every few years (ask your doctor) * making sure you’ve gotten shots against measles, rubella and pertussis * fighting germs by washing your hands properly * getting help right away if you are having a flare-up V. DIET Hydration Drinking plenty of fluid, especially water, helps prevent airway mucus from becoming thick and sticky. Good hydration helps keep airway mucus moist and slippery, which makes it easier to cough up. Eating a well-balanced diet.
Related Search
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks